1. No Laws
All we have is probabilities.
2. All Experts
The knowledge we have is continuously contested. The objects of study think they know why they do what they do.
3. Zillions of Variables
Everything is connected, and potentially a cause – like a bowl of well-tossed spaghetti.
4. Many Levels of Action
Nations, organizations, networks, individuals, time all have different dynamics.
5. Imprecise Measures
Few instruments have near perfect validity and reliability.
Social science is not as easy as rocket science. It is way more complicated.